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NGO 2017: Understanding the Important Roles and Responsibilities of Non-governmental Organization in the Society A non-governmental organization or NGO is an independent and non-profit organization that is usually funded by donations and run by volunteers. Non-government organizations are also referred to as community agencies or non-profits, providing variety of services and activities in the community and at different stages of the justice system. Non-government organizations are lead by volunteer board of directors working with volunteers, for delivery of various programs such as social responsibility and social awareness, environmental protection, healthcare campaigns, elimination of hunger and poverty, women empowerment and children protection, and equality. Some non-government organizations are engaged in educating the public about social policy issues which relate to developing safe and empowered communities. Some non-governmental organizations directly work with the criminal justice system such as witnesses, victims, and offenders and the activities and services may include counseling and information dissemination of victims, giving assistance in obtaining pardons, creating victim-offender mediation programs, or supervising the release of offenders. Other community agencies provide support to children, parents, spouses and extended families involved in divorce or family law. Non-government organization volunteers come from various sectors of the society, mostly are private individuals, groups and companies which include students, social workers, educators, businessmen, health care professionals, child welfare workers, athletes, lawyers, environment enthusiasts, and celebrities. There are different types of non-government organizations by orientation, which include charitable orientation, service orientation, participatory orientation and empowering orientation. Charitable orientation includes activities and programs that are directed to meeting the needs of poor people, and these are funded by donations without too much participation from the beneficiaries. Service orientation services may include family planning, provision of healthcare services, legal services, and education services, where people are expected to participate in its implementation in order to receive these services. Self-help projects are what participatory orientation NGO’s does that allow local people to be involved in the implementation of the project through contribution of materials, tools, land, labor, cash, etc. Empowering orientation aims in helping poor people to develop a clear understanding of the economic, political and social factors affecting their lives, to strengthen their awareness and develop their talents and skills to be able to achieve the power to take full control of their lives.
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Non-government organizations are also categorized basing on the level of operation such as community-based organizations, city-wide organizations, national non-government organizations, and international NGOs. Community-based organizations usually arise out of people’s initiatives, in order to raise the urban poor’s consciousness, and help them in understanding their rights for accessing needed services and provision of those services. On the other hand, city-wide non-government organizations may include coalitions of business, chambers of industry and commerce, educational or ethnic groups, and associations of different community organizations. You may view our website for more information about non-government organizations.Lessons Learned from Years with Resources